To learn more about TIAN, or the Adult Numeracy Center's other professional development, curriculum development, or consulting services, contact:
(617) 873-9600

or visit our website:







TIAN Bundle 1 Articles and References (For Teachers) about Strengthening Number Sense Flexibility and Fluency


General Background Readings

  • Bransford, J., Brown, A. & Cocking, R. (Eds.) (1999). How Experts Differ from Novices (pp. 19-38) in How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School. National Academy Press Washington, DC.
    Research notes how people move from novice to expert, including how flexibility and fluency help move people along the continuum. To access this article, please click on the following link or cut and paste it into your browser window: Below the book information are Option tabs. Choose the second option "Contents", and you will be taken to a Table of Contents for the book. Select Chapter 2: How Experts Differ from Novices.