Title: Operation RubyThroat: The Hummingbird Project
Grade Level: All
Source: GLOBE, Operation Ruby Throat

Curriculum Materials:
Data Sheets
Field Guides and protocols
GPS Guides


  • Observe migratory, feeding, and nesting behavior of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds (Archolochus colubris)
  • Examine relationships between hummingbirds, native and non-native flowering plants, and other phenological events
  • Determine local population densities of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds
  • Report sightings of hummingbirds that are color marked, with unusual plumage, or out-of-range


  • Hummingbird Data Sheets
  • GPS Data Sheet
  • GPS Field Guide
  • Calculator (optional)
  • Camera
  • Hummingbird feeder and food (optional if
    hummingbird flowers are used)
  • Hummingbird flowers (optional if
    hummingbird feeder is used)
  • Clipboard
  • Pencils and pens
  • Binoculars (optional)
  • Bird identification guide
  • Wildflower identification guide (optional)
  • Cultivated flower identification guide
  • GPS receiver (may be borrowed)
  • Compass

This is a series of activities covering all age groups (K-12). Due to the migratory nature of Ruby-throated Hummingbirds, this activity might be easier for informal educational institutions.

The overall purpose of this project is to gather data on the seasonal behavior and feeding habits of the Ruby-throated Hummingbird. Students will learn how to identify the hummingbirds, and record data on migration timing, feeding habits, food choices, and breeding behavior. Activities vary in depth depending on the age of students.

Overall, students will learn about the relationships between hummingbirds and their environment.


State Framework relevance: